Everything To Know About Condenser Microphones

Have you ever wondered what all the knobs and switches on your microphone are for? You must have asked yourself at some point: What is a condenser microphone? In this post, we’ll break down the different components of a condenser microphone and explain how each one affects your recordings. By understanding these concepts, you’ll be able to get the most out of your mic and create better-sounding audio projects. And most importantly enjoy a better gaming experience by knowing what condenser microphones are capable of. Let’s dive in!

What are the types of microphones?

before we get into condenser microphones, which is our main topic, let’s take a look at this list:

Ribbon microphones: Instrument capturing

carbon fiber optic: Old technology

Liquid Microphones: Old technology

Dynamic microphones: Vocals

Condenser Microphones: Vocals, Streaming (almost everything)

What is a condenser microphone?

A condenser microphone is a type of microphone that uses a thin metal diaphragm to convert sound waves into electrical signals. The diaphragm is placed between two charged plates, known as the “plates,” which create an electrostatic field. When sound waves hit the diaphragm, it vibrates, causing a change in the electrostatic field. This change is then converted into an electrical signal, which can be amplified and recorded. Condenser microphones are often used in studio recording applications because they are very sensitive and can capture a wide range of frequencies. However, they are also more delicate than other types of microphones and can be damaged by static electricity or strong winds.

Condenser Mic Components:

  • Diaphragm: The diaphragm is the part of the mic that actually picks up the sound waves.
  • Mic capsule: A mic capsule is a small container that holds the diaphragm of the microphone. It is placed inside the body of the microphone and contains the voice coil.
  • Magnet: The magnet is the metal piece that sits behind the diaphragm and attracts the voice coil.
  • Backplate: A backplate is a piece of metal that is stationary and sits behind the diaphragm. It remains immobile while the diaphragm vibrates, and the variation in air pressure caused by sound waves creates capacitance, which is transformed into an audio signal.
  • Voice coil: The voice coil is the part of the microphone that moves back and forth when a sound wave hits the diaphragm. When a sound wave hits the voice coil, it causes the diaphragm to move back and forth.
  • Magnet: The magnet is the metal piece that sits behind the diaphragm and attracts the voice coil.


  • smooth frequency response
  • clear, rich, and detailed sound
  • outstanding low-frequency response
  • not suited to extremely hot or humid environments
  • Better in outdoor

What is a condenser microphone used for?

Condensers are typically used in recording studios, live sound reinforcement systems, and broadcast applications. They’re also popular among hobbyists because they’re relatively inexpensive, easy to build, and offer high-quality audio reproduction at a low cost. That’s why Condenser microphones are very commonly used in various fields and applications:


  • Vocals and voiceovers
  • Streaming and gaming
  • Vlogging
  • Broadcasting

Condenser microphone Vs Dynamic Mic? Let’s Break it down

When it comes to microphones, there are two main types: Condenser microphones vs Dynamic. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, which can make it better or worse for certain applications. In this guide, we will compare the two types of microphones and help you decide which one is right for you. We’ll also answer some common questions about condenser and dynamic microphones to help you – as a gamer – make an informed decision.

Condenser microphones are often thought of as being better than dynamic microphones, but there are actually a few key differences between the two that could make one or the other more suitable for your needs. Here’s a closer look at the condenser microphone vs dynamic microphone debate:

Condenser microphone vs dynamic

A simple answer:

Dynamic microphones are typically more rugged and can withstand higher levels of sound pressure, making them ideal for use in live settings. Condenser microphones, on the other hand, are more sensitive and can pick up finer details, making them better suited for recording purposes.

Condenser MicrophoneDynamic Microphone
SensitivityMore sensitiveLess sensitive
Sound QualityBetter and richerTighter/ More Focused
PowerNeeds PowerNo power supply needed
Build materialDelicateDurable
Best UseRecordingLive settings

Condenser Mics: How They Work

Source: mynewmicrophone.com

A condenser microphone is a type of microphone that uses a capacitor instead of a coil or piezoelectric element to convert sound waves into electrical signals. Condenser mics are constructed with a lightweight diaphragm. They are generally smaller and lighter than dynamic mics, and they have better low-frequency responses. They also tend to pick up less.

Dynamic microphones: How they work

Source: mynewmicrophone.com

“Dynamic microphones use the same dynamic principle as in a loudspeaker, only reversed. A small movable induction coil, positioned in the magnetic field of a permanent magnet, is attached to the diaphragm. When sound enters through the windscreen of the microphone, the sound wave moves the diaphragm. When the diaphragm vibrates, the coil moves in the magnetic field, producing a varying current in the coil through electromagnetic induction. “



  • durable / Robust
  • high volumes without distortion
  • resistant to moisture
  • relatively inexpensive


  • on-stage use
  • Live performance
  • Loud Vocals
  • Outdoor activities

Dynamic Microphones Vs Condenser Microphones: Key Features

Sound Quality

When it comes to sound quality, condenser microphones typically have a richer, fuller sound while dynamic microphones tend to have a tighter, more focused sound. This is due to the fact that condenser microphones have a larger diaphragm than dynamic microphones, which allows them to capture more of the sound waves.


Condenser microphones are typically more sensitive than dynamic microphones, which means they can pick up more detail. However, this also means that they are more likely to pick up unwanted background noise. Condenser microphones also require power, either from batteries or from an external power source.

Dynamic microphones are less sensitive than condenser microphones, but this can be an advantage in some situations. Dynamic microphones are less likely to pick up unwanted background noise, and they don’t require power. This makes them more versatile and easier to use in a variety of settings.

Power supply

All dynamic microphones can work fine without a power supply which is a great advantage but this is not always true. While most dynamic microphones are plug-and-play and can operate without power, active dynamic microphones need a power supply. However, All condenser mics certainly need a power supply (from batteries or other external sources) as well. As it is for non-electret condensers to charge the electrodes.


Condenser microphones also tend to be more expensive than dynamic microphones, so if you’re on a budget, a dynamic microphone may be the better option. Ultimately, the best microphone for you will depend on your specific needs and preferences. As a gamer/ Streamer you shouldn’t think twice about having a condenser microphone, in fact, you can find many brands and good-quality microphones for your budget.

Also Read: How To Use Condenser Microphone – Beginner’s Guide

Polar patterns Overview

“A microphone’s directionality or polar pattern indicates how sensitive it is to sounds arriving at different angles about its central axis.” So it’s basically the angle where the microphone has a sensor to pick the voice as explained in the picture above

Some condenser microphones come with multiple polar patterns while others only come with only one pattern.

Before we get deeper with condenser microphones, a quick rundown over poler patterns is a must: 

Htyperdirectional: they pick up sound from the front, they are less sensitive from the size and they pick up a slight amount of voice from the rear.

Super cardioid: is similar to hyper-cardioid, but they are more front pick up and less rear pickup (mostly used by large diaphragm condenser microphone)

Omnidirectional: they pick up audio in all directions equally, which makes it ideal for outdoors and can be found in lavalier microphones.

Bi-directional: they receive audios equally from the front and the back (most ribbon microphones use this pattern)

Condenser microphone variations

Condenser mics come in two basic variations: large-diaphragm and small-diaphragm. Large-diaphragm mics are represented as having diaphragms that are 1 inch or larger. Commonly, large-diaphragm condensers have a more well-rounded frequency response and work best for recording voiceovers. Small-diaphragm condensers have lower sensitivity and higher dynamic range and are better for recording instruments.

Small DiaphragmLarge Diaphragm
Dynamic rangeHigherLower
Frequency RangeWideNarrow
Self NoiseHigherLower
Influence on the sound areaSmallLarge
SPL handling capabilityHighLow

If you want to learn more about microphones diaphragms, Go ahead and check out these two articles that we’ve published:

How does a condenser microphone work? 

we will not get deep into how a condenser microphone work technically. But this brief explanation should you get a clear idea and if you want to get deeper into this type of microphone you can refer to our in-depth article.

Technically speaking A condenser microphone’s capsule contains a membrane (diaphragm) that is coated in a material that conducts electricity, such as gold. This membrane is situated near a metal backplate.

When sound waves strike the diaphragm, it vibrates close to the backplate.

In a nutshell, the microphone detects physical changes in air pressure (sound waves) caused by the membrane vibrating against the metal backplate of the capsule.

The pressure difference between the diaphragm and the backplate (capacitance) is recorded using voltage, which is amplified and translated to audio sound wave images in a recording device or software.


How do I clean my condenser mic?

To clean your condenser mic, first, remove the protective cover over the microphone. Then, turn the mic upside down and gently tap the bottom of the mic on a hard surface until the capsule pops out. Next, place the capsule in a container filled with rubbing alcohol. Let the capsule soak for at least 30 minutes. After soaking, carefully wipe the capsule dry with a soft cloth. Finally, reassemble the mic and test it again.

Why are condenser microphones the best choice for gamers?

A condenser mic can improve your gaming experience by providing crisp and accurate audio. They are more sensitive and better in closed environments which suits gamers and streamers the best

This is why you should always go for condenser microphones:
1. Condenser mics are great for recording audio in games because they have a flat frequency response.
2. Condenser mics have a wider dynamic range than dynamic mics.
3. Condenser mics do not pick up the background noise.
4. Condenser mics can be placed closer to the subject without picking up unwanted sounds.
5. Condenser mics offer a higher quality sound than dynamic mics.

Which type of microphone is better for gaming?

Condenser microphones are typically better for gaming because they can pick up more detail. However, dynamic microphones are also a good choice for gaming because they don’t require power and they’re less likely to pick up unwanted background noise.

Also Read

How to Set Up Voicemeeter Banana For Streaming – The Ultimate Guide

Best Blue Yeti Settings – How to Make Your Microphone Sound Better

How to Reduce Background Noise on Your Blue Yeti Microphone

How to Make Hyperx Quadcast Sound Better – Easy Steps


Condenser microphones are one of the most popular mic choices for studio recording applications, Steaming, and Gaming. In our guide, we’ve answered everything related to condenser microphones briefly, but supported with links and other guides to each point we go through so you don’t get bored while exploring this type of microphone. You can also check detailed articles related to each topic we talked about.


Wikipedia – microphones: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microphone

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Yassine Zino

I am Yassine Abbassi I work in Public relations and consultancy, but gaming is my passion, I founded PCgamerguide.com to help streamers enjoy the best gaming experience providing them with guides, tutorials, and how-tos